Sewing machines are machines which are used for stitching fabric and other materials using thread and needle. Going back in time all this work was done manually and was obviously very hectic and time-consuming. To decrease this labor and get the same work done faster with more efficiency, sewing machines were developed during the first Industrial Revolution. The credit for the invention of the first machine generally goes to Thomas Saint in 1790.
Beneficial for clothing Industry
The clothing industry has benefited a lot because of this invention and it has even made the domestic stitching work much easier. There are many kinds of sewing machines like the ones for domestic use which are made only for an individual with a single stitch type while the ones which are used in clothing industries are much bigger along with being faster and more expensive according to the to your needs and the facilities provided by it.
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History of Sewing machines
William Jones started making sewing machines in 1859 and formed a partnership with Thomas Chadwick, producing machines with a license. It eventually became the largest sewing machine factory of England and was taken over by Brothers Industries of Japan later. With time as everything underwent development, sewing machines also went through all sorts of advancements and then first electric machines were invented by Singer Sewing Co. and people were introduced to it in 1899. Later few more changes were made for making it more professional and less complicated for the users.
Different parts and their functions
There are various parts having different functions in a machine and these functions need to be understood before working on these machines:
- Spool Pin: To hold the spool of thread.
- Hand Wheel: To move the needle for position changes.
- Bobbin binder spindle: To place bobbin during winding.
- Bobbin binder stopper: To stop the bobbin winding.
- Pattern selector dial: To select the symbol of the desired stitch.
- Stitch width dial: To control the zigzag stitch.
- Stitch length dial: To control the length of stitch.
- Power switch: To on and off the power of the machine.
- Reverse stitch lever: To sew in reverse direction.
- Bobbin winder thread guide: To use during bobbin winding.
- Thread tension dial: To control the tension of top thread.
- Thread take-up lever: For the top thread to pass and it moves with a needle.
- Presser foot: To hold the fabric in place.
- Needle clamp screw: To hold the needle in place.
- Bobbin cover: To protect the bobbin holder.
- Bobbin cover release button: To release cover for bobbin entering.
- Feed dog: To pull forward the fabric.
- Needle plate: To move the fabric forward.
- Needle: To form the stitch on the fabric.
There are many types of plain stitches like chain stitch, cover stitch, lockstitch and overlock and many designer stitches like a zigzag stitch, needle feed, drop feed, differential feed, manual feed and many others which can be done using these machines.